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Energy Feeds

Citrus Pulp Pellets

Citrus Pulp Pellet is a by-product obtained from the citrus juice industry. It is the ground peel, residue of inside portions and occasional cull fruits of the citrus family, which have been limed, pressed, dried and pelletised. It is a dark brown pellet with a pleasant citrus odour.

Nutritional Benefits

Citrus Pulp has a highly soluble carbohydrate and highly digestible fibre content, making it a good energy source. It has excellent palatability.

Research has indicated that citrus pulp could increase the fat content in milk, likely by increasing the production of acetic acid in the rumen and the quality and quantity of NDF.

In addition to its value as a dietary supplement, it contains an essential oil called Limonene. This compound has been shown to have antimethanogenic properties in vitro.

Feeding Recommendations

Classified as an energy feed, it could replace a portion of feeds with the same characteristics as grains such as kibbled maize. However, CPP should not exceed approximately 30% of the diet. If feeding 4kg DM CPP or more, cows should be transitioned to the feed. In this instance, it is advised to feed half rates initially before moving to full rates.

Citrus Pulp has a high calcium content (up to 2%) and is low in Phosphorous. Phosphorous supplementation should be considered when higher inclusion rates are used.

It is predominantly a feed for ruminants due to the fibre content and presence of Limonene which can be toxic to monogastrics. It is also not recommended for calves younger than 2 months.

Citrus pulp pellets are hygroscopic and should be stored under dry conditions to prevent quality issues.

Typical Nutritional Analysis

The nutritional values can vary due to the type and proportion of citrus species used, the ratio of skins and seeds, the harvesting process and season.





Crude Protein






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All animal feed products should be fed as part of a healthy balanced diet matched to the specific requirements of the herd. Nutrinza makes no representations or warranties of any kind, express or implied, as to the suitability of any of the products supplied to the specific requirements of your animals. Please note that recommended feeding rates are given as a guideline only and will vary based on the total diet and actual feed intake of your animals. It is recommended that you consult your vet, nutritionist or farm consultant before making any dietary changes. Nutritional information is based on accredited feed nutrition sources and sample test results. Specifications on an individual feed test will show some variation.


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